Во время дуговой или газовой сварки самое главное — это обеспечить себе максимальную безопасность, а также комфорт работы и надежность. Для этого нужно будет купить все необходимые инструменты и аксессуары. 

Защитная одежда

Незаменимой во время любого вида сварки является защитная одежда, которая гарантирует нам полную безопасность во время работы. Здесь стоит обратить внимание, в первую очередь, на лицо и руки, которые должны быть защищены исключительно эффективно. Безопасность рук обеспечивают специализированные рабочие перчатки, защищающие в основном от ожогов. Рукавицы бывают брезентовые или спилковые.

Для протекции лица используют защитную маску, которая закрывает все лицо – есть только стекло, благодаря которому мы видим свариваемый материал. Маска сварщика представляет собой корпус со смотровым окном и наголовником, обеспечивающим 2 положения корпуса:

  • рабочее (опущенное)
  • нерабочее (откинутое назад).

Чтобы защитить глаза от излучения, шлемы и щитки снабжают светофильтрами. От металлических брызг светофильтр защищают особые органические покровные стекла.

Во время проведения сварочных работ важно правильно подобрать также остальные части гардероба: резиновая рабочая обувь и костюм сварщика https://www.belsvamo.by/catalog/odezhda_svarschika/.

Обратите внимание! Брюки и куртку шьют из сукна, брезента или асбестовых тканей. Брюки должны закрывать обувь, чтобы предохранить ноги от ожогов металлическими брызгами.

одежда сварщика

Инструменты и аксессуары

Для дуговой сварки

Здесь не обойтись, разумеется, без исправного сварочного аппарата – это основной инструмент при дуговой сварке. Одним из ключевых его элементов является специальный провод заземления с клещами, который принимает участие в выполнении каждого задания.

Не стоит забывать также о том, что сварочный аппарат киоскового типа имеет держатель электрода – именно его мы захватываем ладонью, чтобы проводить сварочные работы. Электрододержатели по методу закрепления бывают:

  • пассатижные;
  • пружинные;
  • винтовые;
  • эксцентриковые;
  • вилочные и др.

Наиболее распространены на практике вилочные и пассатижные, но первые сейчас не выпускаются. Установленный в держателе электрод время от времени надо менять, поэтому мы всегда должны иметь под рукой минимум несколько запасных электродов.

При дуговой сварке неоценимую помощь могут оказать и дополнительные элементы, о которых мы часто забываем. К ним следовало бы отнести металлическую щетку, на другой стороне которой есть молоток. Полезными во многих ситуациях окажутся, безусловно, также болты зажимные.

Для газовой сварки

Для газовой сварки понадобятся газовые баллоны с редуктором и манометром, который упростит выполнение многих работ, показывая на своих индикаторах текущее давление газа. Незаменимым инструментом, который заменяет в этом случае держатель электродов, является горелка, соединенная с баллоном при помощи шланга. Весь механизм запускается с помощью зажигалки. Здесь также нельзя забывать о дополнительных инструментах, таких как наждачная бумага или тиски – незаменимы при сварке труб.

 

22 thoughts on “Одежда и инструменты сварщика

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