Освещение дома имеет не только практическое, но и эстетическое значение. Свет позволяет нам выполнять различные виды деятельности после наступления темноты, а также показывает характер интерьера. Он может подчеркнуть форму, настроение и предметы декора.

План освещения

Хорошее освещение дома может получиться только при хорошо составленном плане. Очень важно протянуть электрические провода именно в те места, где вы планируете вешать бра или люстру. Строителей многоэтажных домов не интересует, где будет свет. У них стандартное расположение проводов. Но если у вас частный дом и вы еще не штукатурили стены, то лучше потратить свое время на планировку освещения.

Хорошо подумайте, где будет стоять обеденный стол, в гостиной или столовой, где вы будете читать во время отдыха, где будут висеть картины. Где будет стоять стол, за которым дети делают уроки. Кроме того, вы должны спланировать кухню и в ней рабочую зону.

Многим легче сделать план освещения во время ремонта, зная, каковы недостатки прошлого. Во время ремонта можно сделать даже незначительные переделки, которые могут быть очень полезными. Независимо от того, дом новый или отремонтированный, вам всегда может помочь профессиональный дизайнер. Если вы не знаете, как дом будет выглядеть, то дизайнер с помощью компьютерной программы может вам показать будущее освещение под любым углом. Кроме неподвижного освещения можно использовать торшер или настольную лампу. Вывод в нужных местах розеток предотвратит неудобство от удлинителей.

Типы светильников

В магазинах полно светильников различного типа на выбор, есть также и возможность заказать изготовление светильников по индивидуальному проекту. Если же речь идет о разновидности для интерьера, можно выделить основные:

  • настольные лампы;
  • торшеры;
  • люстры и светильники подвесные,
  • встраиваемые точечные светильники,
  • всевозможные бра.

Подбирать стоит отталкиваясь от стиля интерьера, учитывая при этом размер, форму и функциональность светильников.

Типы освещения

Освещение дома бывает трех типов:

  • общее;
  • местное;
  • декоративное.

Они имеют различные функции и дополняют друг друга. Хорошо подобранные типы освещения позволят вам создать неповторимую атмосферу дома и предоставят удобный способ его использования.

Общее освещение является фоном для местного освещения. Оно должно обеспечивать равномерное освещение по всей комнате и хорошую видимость в ней. Общее освещение обеспечивается в дневное время суток солнцем через окна, а ночью с помощью люстры по центру комнаты. Так как основной свет используется постоянно, то он должен быть экономным и энергоэффективным.

Местный свет должен быть расположен таким образом, чтобы осветить место для выполнения некоторых действий, должен быть ясным, но не ослеплять.

Декоративное освещение предназначено для того чтобы выделить определенную зону или декоративный элемент интерьера.  Наиболее подходящий светильник для подсветки интерьера — это точечный, обеспечивать настройку направление света. Свет не должен быть очень ярким и не слишком сильным, он должен быть выбран так, чтобы тщательно освещать тему.

Виды лампочек

Источники света отличаются друг от друга такими показателями:

  • длина света;
  • производительность;
  • цена;
  • цвет и свет.

Лампочки доступны в нескольких вариантах:

  • Традиционные лампочки накаливания (лампочки Ильича)– излучают теплый желтый свет, добавляя уют в интерьер. Стекло ламп может быть прозрачным или непрозрачным, белым или окрашенным в пастельных тонах. Интенсивность света зависит от лампочки. Они дешевы, но по сравнению с другими потребляют наибольшую мощность для производства того же количества света.
  • Галогенные лампочки — дают яркий белый свет, приближенный к дневному, который достоверно отражает цвета освещаемых объектов. Вы также можете купить фильтры для галогенных ламп, дающие теплый цвет света. Галогенные лампы дают в среднем в два раза больше света, чем традиционные и горят в два или три раза дольше.

Кроме высоковольтных галогенных ламп (предназначенных для питания от напряжения 220 В), существуют лампы накаливания низкого напряжения  (6, 12 или 24 В). В зависимости от модели излучают свет рассеянный под широким углом или целенаправленный. Эти изделия требуют трансформатор, который должен понижать напряжение..

Примечание: трансформатор нагревается во время работы, поэтому должен вентилироваться.

Лампа дневного света

Бывают двух видов. Первый вид это когда лампочка подключается в пусковой механизм. Обычная на вид длинная трубка.

Второй вид – энергосберегающие лампочки. У них вся система вместе. Выглядит в виде спирали или буквы U, и имеет такой же патрон как и у лампы накаливания.

За счет того, что лампы дневного света потребляют мало энергии их применяют в местах, где свет нужен постоянно: коридоры или производственные помещения.

Цвет и свет

В ванной и кабинете предназначенном для работы источник света должен иметь белый цвет — приближен к дневному свету, так как такой свет стимулирует к действию. Низковольтные галогенные лампы, излучающие свет под определенным углом (8 °, 24 °, 36 °, 60 °), используют в светильниках расположенных в зоне для чтения. В гостиной, спальне или комнате для отдыха лучше зажечь теплый свет, подчеркнув цвета интерьера, с успокаивающими расслабляющим эффектом. Этими свойствами обладают лампочки с цветными колбами, обеспечивающие освещение дома мягким пастельным светом.

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