Техника гравировки зародилась в центре средневековой Европы на территории современной Чехии. Именно там первые ремесленники длительное время оттачивали навыки и совершенствовали технологии. На сегодняшний день в Чехии функционирует крупнейший музей стекла с разнообразнейшей коллекцией. Школа гравировки стекла постепенно масштабировалась и добралась до России.

Профессия гравировщика по стеклу очень редкая, деликатная и невероятно трудоемкая. Елена Лаврищева и Владимир Маковецкий – современные художники — гении создающие гравированное стекло. В большинстве случаев они работают с оптическим стеклом, которое позволяет реализовать их задумки. Разнообразие работ, постоянные эксперименты и высочайшее качество характеризуют работы Елены Лаврищевой и Владимира Маковецкого. С лучшими работами художников можно ознакомиться на странице http://glass-engraver.ru/svidaniya-v-steklyannom-rayu/ .

Что же такое гравировка стекла?

Гравирование стекла – нанесение изображения или текста разнообразными способами на поверхность стекла или в его толще. Применяется при художественной обработке изделий из стекла (посуды, гравюр, скульптур, композиций).
Методы воздействия на стекло:

  • механический;
  • химический;
  • оптический.

Механический способ – классический метод, который заключается в воздействии на стекло алмазными инструментами (гранение стекла, шлифование и тд.). Сложный и кропотливый метод обработки, требующий от художника особых навыков.

Химический способ заключается в том, чтобы при помощи реагентов добиться разрушения соединения кремния. После таких манипуляций на поверхности стеклянного изделия образуется нерастворимый слой соли.

Оптический метод заключается в использовании лазера. Лазерная гравировка стекла – инновационный метод обработки. Гравированное стекло при помощи лазера на своей поверхности может обрести рисунок любой сложности, а сложность и цена производства максимально снижены. Главное достоинство метода – создание рисунка в объёме материала.

Процедура создания гравированного стекла при помощи лазера:

  • создание программы движения лазерного луча;
  • установка заготовки изделия;
  • выжигание лазером необходимого рисунка.

Широкую популярность получили следующие современные методы обработки стекла: ультразвуковой метод, электронно – ионный метод и электродный.

Гравировка стекла – искусство, которое обязательно займет свою нишу и найдет своих поклонников.

19 thoughts on “Искусство гравировки стекла

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