Создание потолочной конструкции обычно имеет несколько целей. С помощью этого материала можно выровнять дефектную поверхность, скрыть какие-либо коммуникации, сделать декор.

Какой вид может иметь домашний потолок из гипсокартона?

Потолки из гипсокартона в интерьере могут быть:

  • Одноуровневый. Он полностью повторяет контуры изначального потолочного слоя и призван скрыть неровности. Листы крепятся на каркас из металлических профилей. В полотно этого потолка можно встраивать точечное освещение.
  • Многоуровневые обычно состоят из 2-3 уровней. Прочной основой для крепления служит обычная конструкция, как в случае создания одноуровневого полотна, а сверху устанавливаются дополнительные слои. Подобные потолки могут быть рамочными, диагональными, зональными.
  • Отдельно выделяют сложные многоуровневые потолки, когда создается какая-то особенная конструкция, например, цветок посреди полотна, абстрактные завитки и спирали, различные узоры. Для воплощения интересных эффектов дополнительно используется подсветка.

Обратите внимание! При установке многоуровневого потолка важно учесть высоту помещения. Если она небольшая, то потолок может смотреться громоздко и создавать гнетущее впечатление.

Как сделать потолок из гипсокартона. Инструкция

Гипсокартонные потолки в последнее время встречаются во многих квартирах и домах. Не удивительно, ведь при помощи такой конструкции легко не только скрыть недостатки поверхности, но и сделать удивительные и оригинальные дизайны комнат. Кроме этого, дополнительное интересное решение с подсветкой также внесет свежее веяние в ваше жилье. Часто гостиная из гипсокартона не обходится без такого яркого акцента, как оригинальный потолок.

Итак, что же понадобится для выполнения такой работы и какие основные шаги данного процесса. Инструменты и материалы для работы используются те же, что и обычно:

  • гипсокартон,
  • дюбеля,
  • профили,
  • шуруповерт,
  • саморезы,
  • леска,
  • карандаш,
  • уровень,
  • рулетка,
  • перфоратор,
  • ножницы по металлу.

Начинается работа с создания проекта. Изначально на бумаге надо четко прописать все нюансы, которые вы хотите видеть после ремонта. Замеры надо проводить четко, записывая все до миллиметра. Это даст возможность избежать ошибок и нестыковок в работе. Далее все с бумаги будет переноситься на поверхность.

Важно помнить, что светильники будут устанавливаться в самом начале работы, поэтому важно сразу определиться, где они будут. Если потолок неровный, от отступ от поверхности будет большим. При креплении светильников отступ должен быть не менее, чем 10 см.лазерный уровень поможет при создании отметок, по которым и будет прикрепляться горизонтальный профиль. Раз и навсегда надо запомнить незыблемое правило – кривая разметка равно кривая конструкция. Работа будет вестись с обычным профилем длиной в три метра. Если же длины недостаточно, то ее можно дорастить при помощи саморезов и специального стыкового соединителя.

Направляющий профиль будет крепиться к стене с шагом около полуметра. Дальше будет проводиться установка подвесов четко по линии основного профиля. Чем больше будет идти нагрузка на каркас, тем меньше расстояние делается между креплениями. В этом случае лучше всего отказаться от дюбелей из пластика, они могут постепенно «вылазить» с поверхности и дать провиснуть конструкции. После выполняется крепеж несущих профилей. Лучше всего при их креплении использовать «крабы».

Спальня из гипсокартона – это отличный вариант сделать ремонт быстро и качественно. А навесной потолок в ней будет придавать определенную атмосферу. Многие предпочитают в этом вопросе использовать классический стиль в интерьере. Он позволит при минимальных затратах легко обновлять созданную конструкцию каждые несколько лет.

Что касается монтажа гипсокартона на созданную ранее конструкцию, то крепиться он будет в шахматном порядке. Это даст отличную возможность избежания в будущем трещин на местах стеков четырех ЛГК. При креплении будут использоваться саморезы по металлу. Они будут крепиться вровень линии листа, на крайний случай, их можно утопить в лист на 1 мм. Если же сделать более глубокое вдавливание, то не исключено появление в будущем ямок на потолке. Крепятся саморезы с шагом до 15 см.

Во время работы стоит помнить об определенном своде правил, которые помогут избежать возникновения многих проблем. Чем меньшее количество раз будет резаться лист гипсокартона, тем более ровные стыки будут получаться. К тому же, количество расходов будет заметно меньше. Перестать держать лист материала можно только тогда, когда он очень хорошо прикручен саморезами с обеих сторон. В противном случае возможно быстрое изменение конструкции, которые оберенется не самыми лучшими последствиями. Кстати, температура в помещении во время работы не должна сильно меняться – это может привести к изменению размеров ГКЛ, и как следствие, неправильного монтажа. Самым актуальным этот вопрос будет на кухне из гипсокартона.

Что касается создания потолка из нескольких уровней, то многие вопросы начинают возникать при сооружении конструкции второго яруса. Разметка проекта будет проводиться на первом ярусе потолка. Изначально также делаются все просчеты и чертеж переноситься на поверхность. Используются карандаш, леска, уровень. После определения контура надо отметить на стенках высоту конструкции. Если будет касание второго «этажа» и стен, то надо сделать крепление направляющего профиля по периметру. Не стоит забывать и о том, что профиль может быть надрезан для того, чтобы создать фигуру с выгибом или дугой. Для этого надо делать надрезы или пропилы каждые 5 см.

Потолок из гипсокартона своими руками

Схема одноуровневого каркаса

 

Готовый профиль будет крепиться к контуру, который предварительно наносился на первый уровень потолка. Желательно делать крепление каждые 15 см. если это невозможно, то случае сократить состояние, или же прибегнуть к использованию. «бабочки». Она незаменима в таких сложных креплениях. Из профиля для потолка надо нарезать полосы, которые ненамного больше, чем расстояние между самими уровнями. Для этого можно использоваться специальные ножницы по металлу. Позже с заготовок удаляется около трех сантиметров с каждой стороны. Крепить эти детали следует вертикально по отношению к изогнутому НП. Оптимальный шаг для такой операции – 20 см.

Для того, чтобы сделать крепление вертикальной части каркаса, надо делать метки при помощи лазера или предварительно натянутой нитки или лески. То, что будет лишним, легко отрезается ножницами. Второй направляющий профиль легко выгинается после того, как сделать по его сторонам надрезы. Лицевая грань будет обращена в сторону базового уровня. Крепиться второй «Этаж» будет к вертикальным заготовленным отрезкам. После того, как конструкция готова еще раз следует проверить правильность ее создания. Проще исправить дефекты на этом этапе, чем позже переделывать всю конструкцию заново.

На том этапе самые сложны действия можно считать оконченными. После этого будет происходить сам крепеж ГКЛ листов на созданную конструкцию. Проводиться она так же, как и на одноуровневый потолок.

После того, как вся конструкция будет готова, нужно приступать к заделке швов. Она будет начинаться с проклейки серпянкой всех стыков. После стоит выполнить шпаклевание. Что и зачем делается?
Для начала надо нанести материал на все стыки и тщательно выровнять их. Далее к этому месту будет прикладываться армирующая лента. Ее надо хорошенько вдавить шпателем в поверхность. По окончании процедуры надо еще раз нанести шпаклевку, закрыть ленту и тщательно выровнять шов. Точно так же надо выполнить обработку зазоров между стенами и самими листами. Также надо очень хорошо прошпаклевывать каждое углубление и каждый вкрученный шуруп.

Покраска гипосокартона будет проводиться исходя из выбранного дизайна. Вариантов довольно таки много. Все зависит от стилистики комнаты, всоты потолком, дизайна мебели. Лучше всего выбирать светлые оттенки. Если потолок многоуровневый, то вариантов дизайна может быть много больше. Ремонт в стиле хай-тек или модерн предусматривает более резкие и яркие цвета и переходы. В любом из выбранных вариантом, цвет потолка легко меняется посредством перекраски. Можно выполнить на поверхности и определенные узоры. Если светильники использовались точечные, то саму лампочку можно использовать как сердцевину цветка, который «расцветет» на поверхности.

Проявите фантазию, и дизайн вашего жилья станет неповторимым.

40 thoughts on “Потолок из гипсокартона своими руками

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